The seminal Canada at War documentary film series was first broadcast on the CBC on April 3, 1962. Its 13 half-hour episodes were culled from more than 14,000,000 feet of film, mostly shot by Canadian Army cameramen during the Second World War but also including footage shot by German and British film crews. It took a team of editors three years to put the series together under the supervision of documentary filmmaker extraordinaire Donald Britain (who also wrote the commentary). It remains, to this day, one of the most important works on the Second World War.
Veterans' Week & Remembrance
This collection features resources for teaching and learning about Veteran's Week, National Indigenous Veteran's Day, Remembrance Day and Veterans.
Lesson plans to support learning about Canadian History.
- Treatment of minorities
- Expo '67
- World War I & II
- Gold Rush
- New France
- Historical Consequences
- Red River Settlement
Cree Code Talker reveals the role of Canadian Cree code talker Charles ‘Checker’ Tomkins during the Second World War. Digging deep into the US archives it depicts the true story of Charles’ involvement with the US Air Force and the development of the code talkers communication system, which was used to transmit crucial military communications, using the Cree language as a vital secret weapon in combat.
In this lesson, students will expand their knowledge and dive deeper into lesser-known Indigenous histories in Canada, particularly those of Second World War Cree Code Talkers. Students will then be asked to summarize and compare both histories.
What are Cree Code Talkers? What was their purpose?
During the Second World War, encryption and coded messages were deemed essential to winning the war. Utilizing Cree, the government relied on Indigenous men to use their language to aid the war effort; these men were known as Cree Code Talkers.
Chinese Canadian veterans describe their experiences in the Second World War, fighting the Axis in Europe and the Pacific, and advancing civil rights at home...
"No Stone Left Alone provides educators and their students with an authentic, impactful and inspiring experience centred on a personal act of remembrance that connects them to their communities, their nation and to the values of our democracy."
Supporting resources include:
*Teaching about remembrance
*symbols of remembrance
*places of remembrance
*acts of remembrance
*why we remember
You can also request free resources - Honour, Educate, Remember Teacher Resource & Student resource.
This documentary introduces us to thousands of Indigenous Canadians who enlisted and fought alongside their countrymen and women during World War II, even though they could not be conscripted. Ironically, while they fought for the freedom of others, they were being denied equality in their own country and returned home to find their land seized.
This video outlines Indigenous involvement in WWI, and teaches us about Indigenous war hero, Francis Pegahmagabow.
Producer Anita Hunter – Indigenous Student. See FNMI additional course and Teacher resources at http://www.oneca.com/teacher-resources.html .
During World War II, Charles “Checker” Tomkins fought the enemy with a different kind of weapon. As a code talker in the Canadian military, he used his knowledge of the native Cree language to help develop a top-secret communication system to defeat the Germans.
This Heritage Minute follows the life of Onondaga long-distance runner Gagwe:gih, whose name means “Everything.” Known around the world as Tom Longboat, he was one of the most celebrated athletes of the early 20th century.
1 min. video
A eulogy is given for Tommy Prince, Canada’s most-decorated Indigenous war veteran.
For more information about Tommy Prince, visit: http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca
This site has resources to help teach about Métis Veterans in an engaging manner.
There are discussion questions, videos, website links, and even an online breakout room activity and answer key.
(Copy and paste this url into a browser to go right to the breakout room activity answer key - https://docs.google.com/document/d/1GG1v68E7BkUc4RP9R6HETwzeK9t9ykTodHOUpl40Hn4/edit)
(Copy and paste this url into a browser to go directly to the Métis Veterans Game - https://platform.breakoutedu.com/game/play/mtis-veterans-155694-51TPEMLE28)
"Human rights stories are all around us. We explore contemporary and historic human rights stories, from Canada and around the world."
This resource from The Canadian Museum for Human Rights explores numerous stories about Indigenous Perspectives (treaty education, witness blanket, UN Rights of Indigenous, Mincome, reconciliation, veterans, etc. ), Social Justice (BLM, misogyny, racism, genocide, antisemitism, Holodomor, refugees, etc.)
Each story contains information, artifacts, images, and questions to guide your thinking. It also links to related stories for further exploration.
Cree and English version of the famous poem by John McCrae.
Indigenous people from every region of Canada served in the armed forces during the Second World War, fighting in every major battle and campaign of the conflict. To serve their country, Indigenous people had to overcome unique cultural challenges. Their courage, sacrifices, and accomplishments are a continuing source of pride to their families, communities, and all Canadians.
This site outlines the many outstanding accomplishments of Indigenous people in WWII.
Welcome to the Teacher’s Guide for Indigenous War Heroes, developed by the Wasauksing War Hero and Native Veteran’s Educational Awareness and Commemoration Project. The guide and associated website use the story of Francis Pegahmagabow as a launching point to provide educators and students with a framework and resources for understanding the military contributions of First World War Indigenous soldiers, as well as the cultural and political landscapes in which they lived.
The lesson plans explore the connections Francis Pegahmagabow’s life story has with many Indigenous veterans, thus helping illustrate the larger picture of Canada’s historical relationship with local Indigenous peoples. However, it is important to note there are always a diversity of stories and experiences in any complex situation. Not all Indigenous veterans’ experiences will be the same, and all unique stories are valuable contributions to our overall understanding of history.
Throughout Canada's history, Indigenous peoples have helped shape this land into the country we know today. Before Canada became a country, Britain's military alliances with First Nations were a key part of the defensive network of British North America.
During the War of 1812, First Nations warriors and Métis fighters played important roles in the defence of these British territories against invading American forces. Thousands of First Nations warriors and Métis fighters fought beside British troops and Canadian settler militias during the war.
These Indigenous allies were often accompanied by officials from the Indian Department who spoke Indigenous languages and who could help First Nations war chiefs and British military commanders speak to each other.
First Nations and Métis communities sided with the British during the war because they shared a common goal: to resist American expansion. More than 10,000 First Nations warriors from the great lakes region and the St. Lawrence Valley participated in nearly every major battle.
For British military leaders such as Major-General Sir Isaac Brock, commander of Britain's forces, First Nations warriors strengthened local garrisons and were seen as exceptional fighters.
In Canada, the war was fought on three main fronts: in the western great lakes region, the Niagara region and the St. Lawrence region. In each region First Nations warriors helped repel the invading American forces.
First Nations warriors from the Ojibwa and Dakota fought at the Battle of Michilimackinac. The Ojibwa, Odawa, Pottawatomi and Shawnee fought at the capture of Detroit. Six Nations warriors fought during the battles of Queenston Heights and Beaver Dams. The Algonquin, Mohawk, Huron and Abenaki fought at the Battle of Châteauguay.
According to several British commanders, these important battles were won in large part because of the participation of their Indigenous allies.
This choice board is created for K-9 students. The activities vary in ideas that range from art projects, spoken word, songs, virtual war museum, and primary source stories.